Under California law, there are a few ways to confirm legal relationship with a child through adoption. Here we will introduce some adoption types:
1. Private or Independent Adoption
In an independent adoption, there is an intermediary who arranges relations between the birth parents and the adoptive parents. The court paperwork is usually handled by a hired attorney. The parents may also agree to keep in touch after adoption in order to maintain contact through visits, photos and so on.
An “open adoption” is an independent adoption in which the adoptive parents and birth parents have contact during the gestation period and the new parents agree to maintain some contact with the birth parents after the adoption, through letters, photos, or in-person visits.
2. Agency Adoption
This type of agency involves a public or private agency which places the child into the adoptive family.
3. Identified Adoption
A designated adoption relates to the cases when the adopting parents find the birth mother and ask a licensed adoption agency to take the paperwork during the adoption process.
4. International Adoption
An international adoption takes place the adoptive parents adopt a child from a foreign country. In this case, the parents must follow both the requirements of the U.S. and the foreign country laws. Additionally, the child should obtain an immigrant visa to the USA through Citizenship and Immigration Services. Upon entering the U.S., the child will get the citizenship automatically.
5. Adoption by Stepparents
California law allows to adopt a child if one of the parents has a new spouse which wants to adopt the child(ren) of his(her) wife(husband from the previous marriage. The procedure is quite simple if the previous spouse gives his or her consent. If the other parent does not consent, you may have a need to hire an attorney.
6. Same-Sex Adoption
Each state has its own rules concerning same-sex adoptions. In order to get to know your local laws, it is better to contact an attorney who is aware of consistently changing legislation in the field of same-sex adoptions.
7. Adoption by grandparents
It often happens that grandparents adopt their grandchildren whose parents are not able to take care of their minor children (i.e., parents died or they are in jail). Such adoption allows to assure inheritance rights.
8. Adult Adoption
It is allowed to adopt another person if there is at least a ten-year age difference and it is shown that the adoption is in their interests and the public good.
If you have decided to adopt a child in California, The Margarian Law Firm lawyers can help you to complete your case quickly and efficiently. Our full range of legal services is for people who need it. Additionally, we can evaluate your case by reviewing court documents or drafting paperwork. Do not delay to contact us to start preparing the security of your family today. In addition, we are ready to provide answers to your initial questions concerning California Family Law for FREE.
You may file your request online, by telephone or by mail. 818-553-1000